What is Adenoids and It's Major Causes

25 January, 2022

What is Adenoids and It's Major Causes


Adenoids are nasopharyngeal tonsils, commonly situated at roof and posterior wall of nasopharynx. Like lymph nodes, adenoids are part of immune system and are made of lymphoid tissues.

Adenoids shows physiological enlargement up to the age of six years and tend to atrophy at puberty (13-14years) and almost completely disappears by the age of 20.

Why and when do they cause trouble?

Adenoids are subject to physiological enlargement in childhood. Certain children have tendency to generalised lymphoid hyperplasia in which adenoids also take part.

Causes: -recurrent attacks of the following reasons cause chronic adenoid infection and hyperplasia

  • Rhinitis
  • Sinusitis
  • Tonsilitis
  • Allergy of upper respiratory tract

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Blog is written by Dr. Megha Desai